NOTEs HRL

1. Part 3: Human rights Mechanisms
a. Convntional
b. Extracovnentional
Function:
1. to monitor the implementation of international human rights
2. Deal with human rights complaints and violations

>Individual complaints:State-to-State complaints:(allows IC and state to state )
1. the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political
Rights;(ICCPR)
2.the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination
and (ICERD
3.the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel orInhuman Treatment or Punishment). (COT)

> Complaints of human rights violations are technically referred to as “communications

> Reporting procedure
1. Each State party is required to submit periodic reports to the Committee;
2. The reports are examined by the treaty body in light
3. After considering the information, the treaty body issues concludingobservations/comments containing recommendations for action by the State party enabling better implementation of the relevant treaty.

> How to contact the committees
Five committees are serviced by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights:
v ICESR- the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,
v HRC- the Human Rights Committee,
v – CAT- the Committee against Torture,
v – ICEARD – the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination;
and
v – CORC- the Committee on the Rights of the Child.

Individual communications procedure under CERD:
> Such communications may only be considered if the State concerned is a party to the Convention and has made the declaration under article 14 that it recognizes the competence of CERD to receive such complaints. Where

COmmittee against torture:
>four year term
> enquiry Procedure:
1. committee receives erliable info
2. if found well-founded indications that” torture is being sytematically parcticed”
3. committe may make confidential inquiry

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women
– The new Optional Protocol establishes two procedures:
a. an individual communications
procedure which will allow communications to be submitted by or on behalf of individuals or groups of individuals claiming to be victims of a violation
of any of the rights set out in the Convention;
b. and a procedure which will allow the Committee to enquire into grave or systematic violations by a State
party of those rights.

>In addition, no reservations are permissible, although any State accepting the Protocol may “opt-out” of the enquiry procedure.

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